Stroke is the second leading cause of death world-wide. According to WHO publication, Global Health Risks; Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks, indicated that in Sri Lanka, cardio-vascular disease accounts for 30% of deaths world-wide and out of these, 5.7 million deaths, which is 9.7% of all deaths is caused by stroke.
In Sri Lanka stroke is a leading cause of adult disability and is the fifth leading cause of hospital deaths. Each year one in 110 people in Sri Lanka will suffer a stroke. Sri Lanka has an ageing population. It is predicted that, by 2020, 20% of the population will be older than 65 years of age as it affects mostly older age groups. In Sri Lanka, 1 in 100 will have a stroke, according to two separate community-based studies carried out.
Essential tremor is one another common neurological disease which can be observed in approximately 4% of the patients over the age of 40 and the incident rate in higher in patients in their 60s, 70s and 80s, with an estimate of 20% prevalence in patients over the age of 90 and over. It is the most common type of tremor and the most commonly observed movement disorders.
Source: Stroke care development in Sri Lanka: The urgent need for Neurorehabilitation services